Explain the different phases of compiler with a neat diagram

It walks the parse tee and as a result generate intermediate code. Semantic Analysis Semantic analysis checks whether the parse tree constructed follows the rules of language. This phase scans the source code as a stream of characters and converts it into meaningful lexemes.

A compiler needs to collect information about all the data objects that appear in the source program. Lexical Analysis The first phase of scanner works as a text scanner.

Error Encountered in Different Phases Each phase can encounter errors. The output of the syntax analyzer is some representation of a parse tree. In general, errors may be expected at various stages of compilation but most of the errors are syntactic errors and hence the parser should be able to detect and report those errors in the program.

The information about data objects is collected by the early phases of the compiler — lexical and syntactic analyzers. The phases of a compiler are collected into front end and back end.

The organization is based on finite automation. Code Optimization The next phase does code optimization of the intermediate code. Each token is a sub-string of the source program that is to be treated as a single unit. Designing a code generator that produces truly efficient object programs is one of the most difficult parts of a compiler design.

The front end analyzes the source program and produces intermediate code while the back end synthesizes the target program from the intermediate code. Expression may further be combined to form statements.

It may be required to search many characters beyond the next token in order to determine what the next token actually is. Minus Points Requires enormous amount of space to store tokens and trees.

It takes the token produced by lexical analysis as input and generates a parse tree or syntax tree.

Phases of a Compiler Phase 2: Front End vs Back End of a Compilers. Each phase takes input from its previous stage, has its own representation of source program, and feeds its output to the next phase of the compiler.Phases of the Compiler - Systems Programming 1.

Compiler Design - Phases of Compiler

UNIT III: COMPILERS PHASES OF THE COMPILER A compiler is a software that accepts a program written in a high-level language and produces its machine language equivalent. The cousins of the compiler are.

Preprocessor. Assembler.

Loader and Link-editor. Front End vs Back End of a Compilers. The phases of a compiler are collected into front end and back end. Explain the Different Phases of Compiler with a Neat Diagram.

compiler takes as input a source program and produces as output an equivalent sequence of machine instructions. This process is so complex that it is divided into a series of sub-processes called phases.

The different phases of the compiler are as follows: Phase 1: Lexical Analyzer or Scanner The first phase of the compiler, called Lexical Analyzer or Scanner reads the source program one character at a time, carving the source program into a sequence of atomic units called tokens.

Back-end Phases of Compiler: When the code is syntactically correct, compiler works on optimization of code for better performance. The optimized code will be. The design of compiler can be decomposed into several phases, each of which converts one form of source program into another. The different phases of compiler are as follows: 1.

Explain the different phases of compiler with a neat diagram
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