Having removed the salt from the base area of the pit, the miners excavate horizontally to create galleries from which additional slabs can be obtained. Inthe U. S Geological Survey estimated undiscovered and technically recoverable average resources to be the equivalent of million barrels of conventional oil, 1, billion cubic feet of conventional gas, million barrels of shale oil, and 6, billion cubic feet of shale gas in the Taoudeni Basin Province in both Mali and Mauritania Brownfield et al.
To the east of the ruins of the prison building is a cemetery containing individual graves, of which only a dozen have names. Along with this, nearlykm2 of land divided into 29 blocks across five sedimentary basins have been marked out across the basin, and these were offered as shared concessions between the national government and foreign petroleum companies.
That is the essence of this war.
France went ahead in order to obligate Mali to sign a defense agreement and thereafter grant mineral concessions and protect those that already exist. The typical arrangement is that for each four slabs transported to Timbuktu, one is for the miners and the other three are payment for the camel owners.
Kissima Doukara, Minister of Defence The three areas can be seen clearly on satellite photographs. There is a war for the mineral resources. Cut into large blocks, one camel could carry up to 6 blocks to the boats of the Niger river in Tombouctou, where they would continue to the Guinea Coast.
The men live in primitive huts constructed from blocks of inferior quality salt and work at the mines from October to April, avoiding the hottest months of the year, when only about 10 of them remain.
These demands were not met. The site is also located in one of the driest regions on the globe. The oil exploration juxtaposed with the semi-permanent militarization of the Sahel-Sahara Region have lead some analysts to suggest that the struggle to exploit Taoudeni depends upon continued Saharan instability Studer ; Keenan ; Bainafouna This process has entailed a new phase of exploration from multiple international companies, a reframing of national policies, and increasing insecurity resulting in the militarization of the region.
Climate[ edit ] Taoudenni is a remote site in the hottest region on the planet, located over a hundred miles from the nearest inhabited location of any size. Their struggle is framed within demands for an autonomous state stretching between Niger and Mali, which has been pursued through five significant rebellion movements since especially the post-colonial period and has resulted in brutal suppression tactics on the part of Malian and Nigerian military.
The Taoudeni Basin is now being divided and explored. Over the centuries salt has been extracted from three distinct areas of the depression, with each successive area located further to the south west.The Taoudeni Basin is a major geological formation in West Africa named after the Taoudenni village in northern Mali.
It covers large parts of the West African craton in Mauritania and Mali. It is of considerable interest due to its possible reserves of oil. Then the basin subsided again to receive sediments.
The Upper Cambrian overlies the infra-Cambrian stromatolite unconformably. Subsequent frequent marine transgression and regression led to the deposition of a suit of interbedded sandstone and shale sequences. Source rock The Taoudeni Basin is a typical steady intracratonic basin.
The company resold Block 4 in the Basin to the Government of Mali due to continuing insecurity, and at the end of AugustCzech company New Catalyst committed to invest million euros ( million dollars) to begin prospecting in.
The Taoudeni Basin is a typical steady intracratonic basin. Based on the distribution of effective source rocks in the Taoudeni Basin, combined with the structure characteristics of the basin and the distribution characteristics of reservoir beds, two petroleum systems are recognized in the basin: the infra-Cambrian petroleum system and the Silurian.
Taoudenni (also Taoudeni, Taoudénit, Taudeni, Berber languages: Tawdenni) is a remote salt mining center in the desert region of northern Mali, km ( mi) north of Timbuktu.
It is the capital of Taoudénit Region. Major West African sedimentary basins The Taoudeni Basin is a major geological formation in West Africa named after the Taoudenni village in northern Mali.
It covers large parts of the West African craton in Mauritania and Mali.Download